Watch Louise Bourgeois Demonstrate How She Sculpted Her Own Hands

Although the Paris-born artist Louise Bourgeois is best known for her monumental sculptures of spiders and her intimately scaled works in bronze, stone, and wood, Bourgeois, who died in 2010, was also an accomplished painter and textile artist.

Now, two separate retrospectives are dedicated to the artist’s lesser-known mediums. The show at the Hayward Gallery in London, “Louise Bourgeois: The Woven Child,” explores the artist’s use of her own clothing to imbue her deeply personal works with a deeper physicality, and “Louise Bourgeois: Paintings” at the Metropolitan Museum of Art shines a light on works the artist completed upon arriving to New York early in her career, when she established a visual language she would return to over the years.

Bourgeois’s work is rooted in her own relationships and life experiences, which are sometimes painful, sometimes sexual, and sometimes reflect the trauma she experienced as a child. In an exclusive interview with Art21 filmed in 2001 before the artist’s death at age 98, Bourgeois described the importance of what she called autobiographical, or autobiography, in her work.

It is the helplessness of a child and then here is the help that the grownup can give a small child,” she said. “One takes care of the other. The whole thing means we are together and we are not, we are not arrogant, we are not ashamed of our helplessness.”

Production still from the

Production still from the “Art in the Twenty-First Century” Season 1 episode, “Identity,” 2001. © Art21, Inc. 2001.

The artist describes a work in which she made a plaster cast of her hands, so that every wrinkle and crevice of skin is visible. “Everything is there. So this is the real document,” she says.

“A work of art doesn’t have to be explained,” she says. “If you say, what does this mean, you see? Well, if you do not have any feeling about this, I cannot explain it to you. If this doesn’t touch you, I have failed.”

Watch the video, which originally appeared as part of Art21’s Art in the Twenty-First Century series, below. “Louise Bourgeois: The Woven Child” is on view at the Hayward Gallery in London through April 15, 2022. “Louise Bourgeois: Paintings” is on view at the Metropolitan Museum of Art from April 12–August 7, 2022.

This is an installment of “Art on Video,” a collaboration between Artnet News and Art21 that brings you clips of news-making artists. A new season of the nonprofit Art21’s flagship series Art in the Twenty-First Century is available now on PBS. Catch all episodes of other series, like New York Close Up and Extended Playand learn about the organization’s educational programs at Art21.org.

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